How to say the name of Bangkok’s Suvarnabhumi Airport?

If you had visited Thailand, you probably had flown into or transferred in Bangkok’s Suvarnabhumi Airport (IATA code: BKK). You most likely also had butchered the name of the airport when trying to say its name, or avoided saying it altogether. You’re not alone. I had pronounced the name incorrectly myself.

A large sculpture installation at Suvarnabhumi Airport as passengers prepare to take departing flights

How to pronounce “Suvarnabhumi” Airport? Say it like this “Su-wan-na-poom” Airport, and you will be at least 90% correct.

Those who know that Thai language is tonal might ask which tones to use for “Suvarnabhumi”. Luckily, most Thai people when saying this word will smooth out the tone of each syllable into somewhat middle or normal tone. So, you can use a monotonic sound when pronouncing it and it will sound similar to the natives. You can listen to the pronunciation here.

There are different English spelling variations of this Thai word (สุวรรณภูมิ). For example, there is a district or Amphoe in the Thailand’s northeastern province of Roi Et with the same name in Thai. It is written as Suwannaphum.

The Churning of the Ocean of Milk sculpture at Suvarnabhumi Airport, Thailand. Is this deva looking at me?

The problem of different English spellings of Thai words is rooted from the fact that the Thai language doesn’t use the Latin or Roman alphabet. The Thai language also has lots of vowel sounds, 32 of them. Over the years, several systems for the romanization of the Thai language had been proposed and used with limitations. In the case of Suvarnabhumi Airport, the name is spelled based on transliteration of the Thai name of Sanskrit root using the King Rama VI System, which was introduced in 1913. Although the written forms of Sanskrit were retained, that is reversibility of the conversion is maintained, the word is pronounced differently from the Thai sound.

Many of Thai words written in English are more or less following the Royal Institute Systems. When you see Thai words written in English, keep in mind that the system of transcription being used provides only an approximate pronunciation for non-Thai speakers. To know the exact pronunciation, ones have to rely on the Thai characters.

The lack of tone designation may cause ambiguous pronunciation, for example, the word “south” (Thai: “tai” “ใต้”) and “to die” (Thai: “tai” “ตาย”) cannot be distinguished without knowing the tone of the word. So, when someone said to you about “pai tai”, you might want to know if they will “go to the southern Thailand” or they are telling you to “drop dead.”

Fun facts: In 2012, six years after its opening, Suvarnabhumi Airport was the world’s most popular location for photographing and sharing on Instagram. Who knew?

References:

Romanization, Transliteration, and Transcription for the Globalization of the Thai Language [http://www.royin.go.th/wp-content/uploads/royin-ebook/276/FileUpload/758_6484.pdf]

Wikipedia: Romanization of Thai [https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanization_of_Thai]

Bangkok Post News [https://www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/328383/suvarnabhumi-paragon-top-instagram-places-list]

One thought on “How to say the name of Bangkok’s Suvarnabhumi Airport?

  1. As a westerner in Thailand (farang, we’re called), I find myself quite challenged by the language. The vowels and tones are the toughest. Quite a few sounds we don’t make in English, vowel-wise. Hard to find the right mouth-shape to get that vowell out.

    To my ears, many Thai tones sound like the voice inflections we use in English to convey emotion or urgency. In English we “raise our voices” to denote urgency. We raise the tone at the end of a word to denote a question. We “lower our tone” to indicate determination or perhaps even malice. It is well-wired into the western brain that this is how “tone of voice” works. (Can you remember your mother saying something like: ”Don’t use that tone with me!” I can). Thai is a whole different kettle o’ fish.

    Some text I’d read ranked languages from 1 to 5 on ease of learning for a native English speaker. Thai was one of a very few ranked the hardest at number 5.

    We are here for a little over a year this trip, and one primary reason is to get me up to speed (or at least a slow walk) with the Language. I’m trying to learn to read and write as well as speak and understand. My classes start Wednesday.

    Wish me luck!

    Liked by 1 person

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